Incubation period: It has a short incubation period, from less than one day to five days, and produces an enterotoxin that causes a
copious, painless, watery diarrhoea that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not promptly given. Vomiting also occurs in most patients.
Signs and Symtomps: These symptoms usually start suddenly, half a day to five days after ingestion of the bacteria.
1. The primary symptoms of cholera are profuse diarrhoea and vomiting of clear fluid.
The diarrhea is frequently described as "rice water" in nature and may have a fishy odour.
2. Dry mucous membranes due to copious fluid loss.
4. sunken eyes
5. cold clammy skin
6. Kussmaul breathing, a deep and labored breathing pattern, can occur because of acidosis from stool bicarbonate losses and lactic acidosis associated with poor perfusion.
7. low blood pressure
8. rapid and thready peripheral pulse
9. urine output decreases with time
Treatment of Cholera
1. Drink and use safe water
*Piped water sources, drinks sold in cups or bags, or ice may not be safe and should be boiled or treated with chlorine.2. Wash your hands often with soap and safe water
* If no soap is available, scrub hands often with ash or sand and rinse with safe water.3. Use latrines or bury your faeces; do not defecate in any body of water
*Avoid raw foods other than fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself.5. Clean up safely—in the kitchen and in places where the family bathes and washes clothes